Another method for cutting concrete pavers is to use a hand-held power saw such as a Skillsaw with a masonry blade or a cut-off saw. Time it right. Cutting hollow concrete block—first, score the line. With just two weeks until turkey day, the latest information could affect your plans. Draw the line for the landing so it slopes 1/4 inch per foot. For each concrete step, cut a piece of 2x lumber to the width of the stairs and rip it to the height of the unit rise if necessary. Whether you want to create a countertop or expand your sidewalk, cutting concrete yourself may not be as daunting as you imagine. Run an edger along the inside edge of each riser form to round the front edge of each step. How to cut concrete blocks with circular saw? A 7” circular saw, for instance, can only cut to 2-¼ inches deep, meaning you’ll need to sledgehammer the rest of the concrete away; a 14” wet-cutting blade attached to a concrete-cutting saw, on the other hand, gets you to 4-5/8 inches of clean cut. Hold the paver against the sled and keep your hands away from the blade. Step 3. On the subject of safety, take note: All of the protective gear listed below is necessary. See how you can personalize your home's entrance with holiday front door decorations, including evergreen wreaths, garlands, pinecones, and pops of plaid. See which names were most popular this year! Go back into the ¼”- to ½”-deep cut and continue doing intermittent cuts that are no longer than 30 to 45 seconds of running the saw. Move whatever crumbled concrete remains to the yard as fill, sell or give to someone else to use as fill, or haul it to a landfill for proper disposal. Bevel the lower edge of each riser (except the bottom one) to make it easier to float the tread when you pour the steps. By renting this job-specific saw, you’ll also get a greater cutting depth than using a circular or handheld cut-off saw. Start near the cut line, but not on it, working outside of the cut area. Make a 2 ½ inch cut in the concrete steps foundation by using a saw. Step 4: Make The Cut. This estimate should include the lumber framing, plywood, concrete and contractor fees. Follow these step-by-step instructions to enhance your exterior with concrete steps. Make a series of passes until you have cut through the concrete block. (Though GFCI cords as long as regular extension cords can be triple the price, they’re worth it for anyone who routinely works outdoors.). Sawcut your form lumber and finish corners: Sawcut all but the bottom step forms at a 45-degree angle. Starting at the bottom of the clean cut line at one end of the project, position the chisel blade flush against the concrete, tap the top of the chisel firmly with the hammer so that concrete crumbles away bit by bit until you’ve cleaned up the rough edges to your liking. Limit the anount of "rubble" you place inside the form. Bevel the lower edge of each riser (except the bottom one) to make it easier to float the tread when you pour the steps. However, a tread depth of 16 inches would probably feel too long. Depending on the thickness of the concrete, you may have to raise the blade and cut through only a portion of the paver. Clean up the work area of dust (using either a broom and dustpan or a wet-vac), and put away the saw and power cord. If you’ll be pouring new concrete to replace a weathered, crumbling, cracked driveway or patio slab, however, leave the edge jagged and jutting out by an inch or two, as it’ll give the new concrete something to bond with. Codes may also include requirements about the placement of rebar or other reinforcements, as well as the concrete mix you use. This line cut is for making sure that the edges of the remaining concrete are straight and smooth when the new covering is installed. For example, here's the math for a total rise of 20 inches: 20 inches/7 inches = 2.8 (rounding up equals three steps). To strengthen the concrete, bend lengths of 1/2-inch rebar so it roughly corresponds to the shape of the rubble mound and lay it on the rubble at 12-inch intervals. When joining new concrete work to old concrete work, the joint will always develop a crack and will be a point of expansion and contraction. Some local building codes may require that you anchor concrete steps to the foundation wall. Put on your safety gear. Cut with a ​​Jigsaw. Complete this curb appeal project in a weekend with our process for laying out, designing, and building concrete steps. For those who already own these tools, this list may finally provide the motivation you need to toss that never-been-used soufflé dish. How To: Cut Concrete Step 1. A filtration mask will keep you from breathing in concrete dust that can damage lung tissue, potentially causing lung cancer and silicosis. Prepare the workspace to keep concrete dust from entering your home. For example, if your total run was 48 inches, here's the math: 48 inches/3 steps = 16 inches per tread. All the times and temperatures you need to know to roast turkey, chicken, beef, and pork for your feast. The blade should cut through the paver. Over time this expansion and contraction, especially if they occur at different rates due to the sections of concrete being exposed to different temperatures, will work the sections apart, and the crack will widen. Drive stakes to indicate where the base of the bottom step will be when poured. This will allow you to use concrete chisels to cut hand-tooled joints and texturing skins on step faces and surfaces, if desired. Give the concrete enough time to settle between the rubble pieces, and add more concrete if needed. Following steps are usually followed to make different joints: If you are using a groove for the joint, the joint should be a minimum depth of ¼ thickness of the slab. If working on a vertical job, like cutting into a concrete retaining wall, then water can be trickier to employ. Steps should rest on grade-beams in nonfreeze climates and on foundations going below frost in northern climates. Always wear a properly fitting filtration mask. Then divide the total rise again by this number to get the unit rise. Set the diamond blade on the concrete wet saw to a depth of 4 1/2 inches and cut along both chalk lines. Take every personal safety precaution necessary: Don your heavy clothes, shin guards, knee pads, and steel-toed boots, plus protection for your eyes, ears, and face. To lay new concrete, sweep and clean the old concrete, and saturate the old concrete with water. Without water, you’ll just have a bit more dust and need to run the saw in the open air between cuts to let it cool off. Then install the remaining riser forms. Here's how to tell the differences between each architectural style. This helps minimize chipping. When working on a flat, horizontal project like a patio slab, extend the hose to the work area and turn the water on to a trickle, in order to keep the surface damp. Subtract the width of an out-swinging door (usually 32 or 36 inches) from the length you measure between the foundation to the outside edge of the steps. The unevenly spaced original steps are replaced with a new set that are … While the track saw will stay within 1/16-inch accuracy, you can maintain 1/8 to 1/4-inch with the Ring Saw -- with practice. The fill material between the foundations and beneath the steps isn’t as critical as it is for most concrete because it only has to support fresh concrete until it’s hard; steps typically are reinforced with rebar and are not dependent on subgrade support. The ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) protected extension cord will not only protect you from power surges, shocks, and overloads, but the waterproof exterior is designed to withstand dangers posed by rain and any other contact with water. Using a framing square to make sure the forms are perpendicular to the foundation of the house, set the forms in place, and drive supporting stakes alongside them. Plumb the side forms and fasten the braces to the stakes. Steps involved during the concrete block cutting exercise. Building concrete steps to lessen the dust and to cleats for decks easier! Will stay within 1/16-inch accuracy, you can break the concrete to be, 's... 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