A pure crop yields 40 t/ha/year in 4-6 cuts. Does not come up well on heavy clay soil or flooded or waterlogged conditions. It is a perennial grass suitable for cultivation in humid areas. Some farmers even depend on the cultivation of green fodder just like any other crop and sell it in the market. It possesses more tillers and leaves than Napier grass and is more vigorous and higher in fodder yield and quality.  Harvest the crop when the cob is in the milky stage. If cultivated along the border in one heactare, it will supply enough green leaf manure for 2 to 2.5 hectares of land. Health Benefits of Jowar :- Below given are some of the health benefits of Jowar. Subsequent cuts at intervals of 45 days. It is a viable farmer friendly alternative technology for landless farmers for fodder production. In south India it makes best growth in RABI and also in SUMMER. Among fodder sorghum varieties tested, the maximum stem diameter was observed with CSV 32 F where as the lowest was recorded with CSV 21 F. Leaf stem ratio of fodder sorghum showed decreasing trend with advance in age of the crop upto harvest. However, the initial cutting should not be done until the trunk has attained at least 3 cm diameter or the plant has completed one seed production cycle. cowpea, Maize, Field bean, Sorghum, Bajra etc. Hydroponic farming is the art of growing plants without the use of soil.This technology is old as history and was used in famous hanging gardens of Babylon. Staggered sowing is recommended for supply of green fodder for a long period. Fodder cultivation can be integrated into the farm without too much competition with crop production. Cowpea, Field bean, Bajra, Sorghum, Maize ; Rabi fodder (October Dec/Jan) Eg. There are no improved varieties of this grass (only local). Sorghum grows on soils where silage maize thrives and can absorb many nutrients in a short time. Sorghum the most important food source in Sudan. Green fodder yield is 175 tonnes /ha per year in 8 cuts. This grass is fed in the green form and is not suitable for conservation either as hay or as silage. S.No. The main task was to assess the agrobiological characteristics The average per hectare green fodder production was 523.89 quintals in sorghum fodder production while in sorghum seed production, the dry fodder yield was 72.07 quintals. It thrives in tropical climate with a temperature range of 25-35oC. Compared to silage maize, a number of the varieties that have been bred to date produce more dry matter, protein and starch per hectare. (ii). Some varieties are harvested only once: these are so-called “single-cut” sorghums, which need 100 to … The hybrid that should be used is COFS29. U.P. Co.F.S. Consumption of 40 kg of opuntia per day by cattle provides 35 litre (85%) of water (Felker et al., 1977) Stylo is adapted to tropical climate and tolerant to low fertility soils acidic soils and soils with poor drainage. It can be grown during kharif, Rabi and summer seasons. It has high tolerance to drought and excessive rainfall. Since 2005, a grower in Oostburg, Zeeland, has been engaged in the breeding of sorghum for cultivation at a higher latitude with long days and cool weather conditions. The crude protein content of stylos ranges from 15 to 18%. Pasture leys and fodder (forage) crops are either annuals, perennials, or permanent crops. Its uses for feed and fodder are now overtaking that for food in many parts of the world. An article summarizes long-term experience of the grass sorghum cultivation for fodder and seeds in the Bryansk region, Russia. Suitable varieties for Irrigated (Jan - Feb and Apr - May) are Co.11, Co. 27, Co.F.S. SORGHUM (SORGHUM VULGARE PERS.) Head of work . First cut after 8 months and subsequent harvests at an interval of 60-80 days. Where to put your growing fodder trays. You will need to plant the seeds at the rate of 40 to 45 kg per hectare. My fodder system is set up outside near the chicken run, making it easy to access and maintain. 2018 Congress. Concentrations vary among varieties. The cultivation practices of sorghum would be the same in both cases except harvesting stage. July 12, 2020. Besides doing well in low rainfall areas, sorghum is not attacked by diseases like stunt, which causes dwarfism, yellowing of the leaves, thinning of the stems and death of the stool after harvest. It provides the farmers with for feed and grain (dual-purpose sorghum) requires a spacing of 60 x 20 cm; this spacing allows for a higher grain-fodder ratio. Commercial sorghum is the cultivation and commercial exploitation of species of grasses within the genus Sorghum (often S. bicolor).These plants are used for grain, fibre and fodder.The plants are cultivated in warmer climates worldwide. Dr. Ashraf Sahibzada renowned scientist produced these audio spots under his program of Use of Electronic Media to Transfer Agricultural Technologies to farmers, students and … Recent developments in enhancing sorghum digestibility make it a strong competitor to 11. Grain contains tannins, and phytate and trypsin inhibitors. Maintain a seed rate of 40 kg/ha and dibble one seed to a spacing of 15cm between the seeds in the row which are 30 cm apart. Use: Food, feed, fodder. It can be grown under an annual rainfall of 300-350 mm. It is believed to have originated in Africa and Asia. One variety yielded 10% higher protein contents and approximately 20% more starch per hectare than the silage maize variety. Sorghum can replace silage maize. Sorghum is a drought resistant annual crop. Not suitable for very hot and very cold climates. Stylo is an erect growing perennial forage legume native of Brazil.  African tall, Vijay composite, Moti composite, Ganga - 5 and Jawahar are some important fodder varieties. Hydroponic fodder production is a boon for farmers whose soil is rocky and infertile. It can be grown on any soil except on very sandy soils. Varietal choice The two preferred varieties in Zimbabwe are: SC SILA Organic Sorghum cultivation is gaining popularity due to its nature of extreme drought tolerance. sowing in June - July.  First harvest 75 - 80 days after sowing. It is used as a pulse, vegetable fodder, and green manure. 29,K 10. Pusa Giant, NB 21, NB 37, IGFRI 5, IGFRI 7 and IGFRI 10 (developed from Indian Grassland Research Institute, Jhansi) are superior hybrids developed in India. Co1 and Co 2 are varieties of guinea grass released by Tamil Nadu Agricultural University. Establishes readily by seed or plantation of rooted slips. Fodder sorghum. Covering the maximum cultivated area among fodder crops, sorghum is grown in all parts of the country except the cool hilly areas. Hamil, PPG -14, Makuni, Rivers-dale are some of the varieties. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) lends itself to a variety of uses. Under rainfed conditions 40 t/ha of green fodder is got after 2 years of initial growth and pruning to a height of 100 cm. Fodder crops are usually sown by broadcasting, but sowing in 30 em apart lines by the para method gives a better return. I. It is not suited to higher elevations (more than 1200 m). Co- 4 grass is a high yielding variety and contains about 11 per cent protein content. Field preparation. chari - 1, and 2, Raj chari -1 and 2, H.C. - 171, H.C. - 260 and all these varieties are single cut types. Cowpea is grown for feeding in green form, for haymaking or for ensiling in mixtures with sorghum or maize. This crop requires an annual rainfall of 300- 400 mm. Totally, 6-9 cuts can be taken in a year with an. Rupees. This ultimate guide on sorghum farming covers all the important aspects of sorghum farming. 151 5. These varieties are suitable for growing throughout the year in all districts of Tamil Nadu. COST OF CULTIVATION OF FODDER SORGHUM (IRRIGATED CROP) PER HECTARE. It is not suited to higher elevations (more than 1200 m). 29, each harvest has to be done at 65 days interval (5 harvests in a year). It is cultivated mainly for grain and also for fodder. Sorghum is very nutritious just like corn and can be used as green fodder, dry fodder, hay or silage. It is third major food grain crops of India. There is a very wide variety of genetic types in fodder sorghum. AbeBooks.com: Multicut Fodder Sorghum under Sole and Intercropping Situations: Fodder sorghum, Inter cropping, ratoon management (9783639704624) by Sankaranaranayanan, Kaliyakonar; Rajendran, Karuppaiah and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at … Total . Sorghum as a fodder crop needs improvement in quality. 3. If it is a single cut, it should be harvested at 60-65 days (50% flowering) after sowing and if it is a multicut, the first cut is 60 days after sowing and subsequently once in 40 days. Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family and this can be grown for grain as well as livestock fodder. Fodder sorghum. In drought prone areas, allow the trees to grow for two years to ensure deep root penetration before commencing harvest. /kg . In addition, sorghum is not a host plant for the corn rootworm. Subsequent harvests are made at intervals of 25 - 30 days. This crop is grown in tropics, sub-tropics and warm temperature regions. 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