Junell (1934) and Erdtman (1945) established their systems of classification, based also on morphological characters. Leaves are round to obovate, base cuneate, apex mostly rounded, margin entire, upper surface green, lower surface pale green to silvery. Characteristics of the Lamiaceae. The 40 to 50 species of the genus Lamium are known as dead nettles; they are low weedy plants that are sometimes cultivated as medicinal plants. The currently accepted version of Verbenaceae may not be more closely related to Lamiaceae … Plants in the lamiaceae have square stems. Stamens well exserted beyond the lower lip; upper pair attached near the throat; lower pair united for about half their length. Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants. Apiaceae Plants of the Parsley or Carrot Family (Previously known as the Umbel Family: Umbelliferae) The Parsley Family includes some wonderful edible plants like the carrot and parsnip, plus more aromatic spices found in your spice cabinet, such as anise, celery, chervil, coriander, caraway, cumin, dill, fennel and of course, … Sepals 5, gamosepalous, bilabiate (1/4), posterior or upper lip broad and lower or anterior lip with small sepals; gland dotted, violet green, imbricate aestivation. Epl., Pitcher Sage, a shrub to over 1m tall from California with white or pink flowers; Lycopus australis R. 220 genera and 4000 species, of cosmopolitan distribution that is particularly well represented in temperate, warm regions [1-6]. In extreme cases the arrangement may be gamopetalous 0/5 i.e. 1.1- Overview The Lamiaceae or Labiatae (the mint or deadnettle family) are a family of flowering plants.They have traditionally been considered closely related to Verbenaceae, but in the 1990s, phylogenetic studies suggested that many genera classified in Verbenaceae belong instead in Lamiaceae. Stachydoideae. The Lamiaceae (/ ˌ l eɪ m i ˈ eɪ s i ˌ aɪ / [3] or / ˌ l eɪ m i ˈ eɪ s iː / [3]) or Labiatae (the mint or deadnettle family) are a family of flowering plants.They have traditionally been considered closely related to Verbenaceae, [4] but in the 1990s, phylogenetic studies suggested that many genera classified in Verbenaceae belong instead in Lamiaceae… In Ocimum, Coleus, Plectranthus etc. The fruit is commonly a dry nutlet. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. Affinities 5. Root: Tap, branched. Nutlets drupaceous, e.g., Prassium, Stenogyne etc. Opposite decussate, rarely whorled, simple, petiolate or sessile, exstipulate, hairy with aromatic smell, entire, pinnatifid (Perovskia), unicostate reticulate venation. The currently accepted version of Verbenaceae may not be more closely related to Lamiaceae … It is commonly called Mint family. The Lamiaceae (/ ˌ l eɪ m i ˈ eɪ s i aɪ,-iː / LAY-mee-AY-see-e(y)e [3]) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. Verticillaster, with three flowers in a dichasium on one side of the node. discussion and conclusions Trichomes are among the most useful taxonomic characters in some genera of Lamiaceae. Using long-read sequencing and Hi-C scaffolding, we … Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs like basil, mentha, rosemary, sage, savory, marjoram, oregano, hyssop, thyme, … Mentha piperata and Thymus serphyllum give Menthol and Thymol respectively, which are extensively used in medicines. There are about 350 species in the genus Thymus, all Eurasian. Subfamily 2. Ocimum, Hiptis etc. Muller, who is an authority on the pollination mechanism has remarked in this connection that out of the above the first three are generally true but not universal; the fourth is almost universal but dichogamy is not so complete so as to prevent self pollination. Economic Importance. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Synonyms: Chloanthaceae APNI* Description: Trees, shrubs or usually perennial or annual herbs, usually aromatic, mostly with 4-angled branches. Family 11 : Lamiaceae (LABIATAE) - characters ,economic importance , pattern in species and reproduction through Floral formula and floral diagram in mint family Many of 32 insights into the systematics of Lamiaceae and Verbenaceae have been confirmed in studies of the Lamiaceae but have not been tested in the remaining Verbenaceae. Lamiaceae of literature Sarma, N. (2013) Diversity of the genus Clerodendrum Linnaeus (Lamiaceae) in Northeast India with special reference to Barnadi Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam. The taxonomy rank is composed of 236 genera and 6900–7200 species, distributed all over the world [2]. e.g. Like 6 except that the stamens attached on the lower lip. Economic Importance 4. Lamiaceae (order Lamiales) is a family of flowering species, also known as the mint family [1]. Radicle curved lying against the cotyledons, e.g., Catophoria. Those with short tubes are pollinated by flies; slightly longer tubed flowers, e.g. Lamium purpureum, showing the bilaterally symmetrical flower Tetradenia riparia The Lamiaceae ( ) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. Several smaller groups have been segregated into their own or other families as well (e.g., Angiosperm Phylogeny Group , 1998; Beardsley and … The types of insects visiting these flowers have a remarkable correspondence with the length of the corolla tube. seed endospermic e.g. In this article we will discuss about the:- 1. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The genus Origanum, native in Europe, includes 15 to 20 species, chief among them being marjoram (O. majorana) and oregano (O. vulgare). Classification: About the Classification Report About the Classification Download . Characteristics of the Lamiaceae. Lamiaceae or Labiatae, also called as the mint family, is a family of flowering plants. Sweet aromatic smell due to essential oils present in sessile glandular hairs; stem rectangular in cross section, leaves opposite decussate rarely alternate, simple, exstipulate with hairs; inflorescence verticillaster; flowers zygomorphic, hermaphrodite, hypogynous, bracteate; calyx gamosepalous, persistent; corolla bilabiate; stamens 4 epipetalous, didynamous; gynoecium 2 four celled by false septum, syncarpous, axile placentation, gynobasic style, seated on lobed disc; fruit schizocarpic carcerulus. The leaves are typically simple and oppositely arranged; most are fragrant and contain volatile oils. The original family name is Labiatae, so given because the flowers typically have petals fused into an upper lip and a lower lip (labia in Latin). Herbaceous, aerial, erect, solid, grooved, quadrangular, hairy, branched. e.g., Solvia etc. Bracteate and bracteolate, pedicellate, complete, hermaphrodite, zygomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous bilabiate, small and pink. Scientific classification: • Kingdom : Plantae • Phylum : Angiosperms • Class : Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledonae) • Order : Lamiales • Family : Lamiaceae (Mint Family) 17- subfamilies • Genera : 236 • … Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons. 265-270] Diversity: Worldwide: 200 genera; 3,000 species U.S.: 50 genera PNW (Hitchcock & Cronquist): 24 genera : Flower-- Vegetative Features-- Economic Importance-- Flower Images-- Web Sites: Flower; K (5) Co (5) S 2, 2+2 P (2) Sexuality: bisexual: … Cultivated, branching herb, perennate by means of suckers. Lamiaceae, formerly called Labiatae, the mint family of flowering plants, with 236 genera and more than 7,000 species, the largest family of the order Lamiales. Ce … Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants. Aerial, herbaceous, rarely woody, erect or prostrate, quadrangular, hairy, branched, solid or hollow, sometimes underground suckers (Mentha). The Kingdom Plantae is also called as kingdom Metaphyta. 8. Subfamily 3. The limits of families like Scrophulariaceae have long been problematic (Thieret 1967 for a summary), and Olmstead (2002) provided a … Lamiaceae; Labiatae; Common name: mint family [Zomlefer, pp. Kingdom Plantae – Plants. Ajuga bracteosa, Leucas cephalotes are used in fever. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Lamiaceae. : (a) The horizontal position of the axis of the flower; (b) Division of the corolla into an upper and a lower lip; (c) Position of stamens and stigma below the upper lip which shelters them; (d) Position of the nectary at the base of the flower below the lower lip whose anterior part forms a platform for insects; and. According to Delpino there are five important characters of the flower affecting the pollination mechanism viz. Among the approximately 100 species of the genus Phlomis is Jerusalem sage (P. tuberosa), which rises to almost 2 metres (6.5 feet) and has clusters of purple flowers. Smooth square stem & leaves without strong mint scent. Also Mediterranean is lavender (Lavandula officinalis), with fragrant blue to lavender flowers in leafless spikes. Les Lamiaceae ou Labiatae, communément appelées Lamiacées, Labiacées ou Labiées, sont une importante famille de plantes dicotylédones qui comprend environ 6 000 espèces et près de 210 genres. the petals arrangement is gamopetalous 4/1 i.e. The Lamiaceae members are characterized by their peculiar … Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. Share Your PPT File. There are about 230 Genera and about 7000 species. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, superior, situated on hypogynous honey secreting disc; bilocular becomes tetralocular by the formation of false septum; axile placentation, one ovule in each loculus; style gynobasic (arising from the base of the ovary), stigma bilobed. When a bilabiate calyx is present the arrangement of the sepals may be (1/4) as in Ocimum or (2/3) as in Calamintha. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. The flowers are quite distinct with upper and lower lips. Lilies have 3 sepals and 3 petals, which are identical in size and color (often referred to as 6 tepals). Catopheriodideae. Prasiodideae. … The largest genus in the Lamiaceae is Salvia. Share Your Word File SYSTEMATIC POSITION DIVISION : Spermatophyta SUB-DIVISION : Phanerogams CLASS : Dicotyledons SUB-CLASS : Gameopetalae SERIES : Bicarpellate ORDER : Lamiales FAMILY : Lamiaceae The family Lamiaceae is populary known as the mint family Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge Classification Browse Images ... Corolla limb usually 2-lipped; upper lip 2-lobed and lower 3-lobed, rarely upper lip entire and lower 4-lobed, also rarely limb (4- or) 5-lobed; tube hairy annulate inside. 7. Q3. Four petals in the posterior upper lip and only one petal in the anterior lower lip. La plupart des participants de Canadensys ont transféré leurs données au domaine public.. Alternative Titles: Labiatae, mint family Lamiaceae, formerly called Labiatae, the mint family of flowering plants, with 236 genera and more than 7,000 species, the largest family of the order Lamiales. Tap, branched, rarely adventitious (Mentha). The soil should be kept moist, but not soggy. Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis) was once used as a curative herb. Omissions? The flowers are bilaterally symmetrical with 5 united petals, 5 united sepals. Lamiaceae & nyctaginaceae 1. – least basil P: Species Ocimum canum Sims – hoary basil P Stigma entire or minutely bifid. Welcome to BiologyDiscussion! Flowers have 5 fused petals and 5 fused sepals. Prantlen, 1888-1897) placed Lamiaceae in the order Tubiflorae, followed by (Hallier, 1905; Wettstein 1924; Rendle, 1925 and Pulle, 1938). Herbaceous above and woody below, aerial, erect, solid, quadrangular, branched, hairy with aromatic smell. Nutlets dry with their pericarp, seed transverse, e.g., Scutellaria etc. When a distinct bilabiate condition is found the arrangement of the petals may be gamopetalous 2/3 i.e. When a tadpole turns into a frog, its tail shrinks and is reabsorbed. Woody undershrub with white pinkish flowers. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Lamiaceae. Liliaceae. short stem. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, superior, quadrilocular, one ovule in each loculus, axile placentation; style gynobasic; stigma bifid, honey disc is present below the ovary. However, the evolutionary shift from xenogamy (ou… Classification Glossary; HerbLink (Type Images) WeedAlert: Other PlantNET Sites: Other Data Sources: NEW SOUTH WALES FLORA ONLINE: Printable Page: Family Lamiaceae. What are the characters Mendel selected for his experiments on pea plant? Like 6 except that the stamens attached on the lower lip. Lower lip 5-lobed, the 2 small, lateral lobes representing the laterally displaced lobes of the upper lip; inflorescence elongate, raceme-like, 5–20 cm tall, leafy-bracted only at the base Choose this genus Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants. Sepals 5, gamosepalous, petaloid, bilabiate, (3/2) i.e. four petals in the posterior upper lip and only one petal in the anterior lower lip. Leaves of Ocimum kilimandus charicum give camphor. Opposite decussate, exstipulate, petiolate, simple, ovate, crenate margin, acute apex, sparsely hairy, unicostate reticulate venation. Petals generally 5, gamopetalous and the five teeth are sub-equal and mostly bilabiate. Updates? The Kingdom Plantae includes all types of eukaryotic, multicellular, photosynthetic plants found in this biosphere. Radicle curved lying against the cotyledons, e.g., Catophoria. Junell (1934), Erdtman (1945), Wunderlich (1967) and El-Gazzar and Watson (1970), all expressed dissatisfaction with traditional classifications of Labiatae, and with the circumscription of Labiatae relative to that of Verbenaceae sensu lato, based on very extensive comparative anatomical, palynological, phytochemical, morphological … There are about 350 species in the genus Thymus, all of which are Eurasian. Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons: Subclass Asteridae: Order Lamiales: Family Lamiaceae – Mint family: Genus Ocimum L. – basil P : Contains 6 Species and 4 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Species Ocimum basilicum L. – sweet basil P: Species Ocimum campechianum Mill. Learn all about marjoram, a close relative of oregano, in this video. Phylogenetic niche conservatism plays a critical force in shaping seed traits, such as seed germination percentage and rate, across plant species in the subtropical region of southern China. Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs … but see Sanders, 2001 , for a lower estimate). Aromatic oil is extracted from Thymus, Lavandula (Lavender oil), Rosmarinus (Rosemary oil), Calamintha, Pogostemon etc. Cultivation: Plant in slightly acidic to neutral, well-drained soil with 0.5 - 0.6 m of space between individuals. Classification: About the Classification Report About the Classification Download . Sub-family 8. Scutellarioideae. Lippia multiflora (théier de savane ou thé de Gambie) est une plante qui pousse spontanément dans les zones de la savane soudanienne d'Afrique occidentale et centrale. Gynobasic style, tetralocular ovary and carcerulus fruit. Aromatic smell; flowering shoots yield volatile oil. The construction of the flower shows that the family is an advanced one among the gamopetalae. We report the chromosome-scale genome assembly of Callicarpa americana L. (American beautyberry), a species within the early-diverging Callicarpoideae clade of Lamiaceae, known for its metallic purple fruits and use as an insect repellent due to its production of terpenoids. 75 alluded to an unpublished morphological cladistic analysis and outlined the basis for a new tribal classification in his treatment of the Verbenaceae … Plants of the Lily Family Most showy monocot flowers with parts in threes belong to the Lily family or one of its allies. Wild thyme (T. praecox), with scented leaves, is a creeping plant that is native in Europe but naturalized in eastern North America. The biggest change involves the wholesale transfer of some 10 tribes and over 50 genera to the Lamiaceae ( Cantino et al., 1992 ). Found in disturbed areas, wet lower montane forests and weedy flats. Petals 5, gamopetalous, bilabiate (4/1), corolla tube short, upper lip of 4 petals and lower of 1 petal; pink, imbricate aestivation. Lamiaceae is divided in 12 subfamilies [3] of which Nepetoidae is one of the most clearly defined [4] Lamiaceae is characterised by aromatic plants which have been widely used since ancient times. Sub-family 7. In the classification system of Dahlgren the Lamiales were in the superorder Lamiiflorae (also called Lamianae). Sub-family 4. 85.1): Habit: A perennial herb with strong aromatic smell. Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs like basil , mentha , rosemary , sage , savory , marjoram , oregano , hyssop , thyme , lavender , and perilla . 1.1- Overview The Lamiaceae or Labiatae (the mint or deadnettle family) are a family of flowering plants.They have traditionally been considered closely related to Verbenaceae, but in the 1990s, phylogenetic studies suggested that many genera classified in Verbenaceae belong instead in Lamiaceae. Lamiales, mint order of flowering plants, including 24 families, 1,059 genera, and more than 23,800 species. The largest genus in the Lamiaceae is Salvia. Ex:- Two petals in the posterior upper lip and three in the anterior lower lip (Salvia, Nepeta, Leucas etc.). Is this an example of necrosis or apoptosis? The family is closely allied to Acanthaceae from which it can be distinguished by the following features: 4. Lamiaceae Family Common Name: Mint Family Scientific Names: Genus: Salvia Species: apiana Scientific ... Scientific SubAuthority: Authors: Mike Herrera; Janet Takara; Common Synonym: Genus: Species: Synonym Classification: Synonym SubSpecies: Species Authority: Synonym SubAuthority: Other Information: … Lamiaceae is characterised by aromatic plants which have been widely used since ancient times. Les Poaceae, ou graminées, sont une famille de plantes monocotylédones de l'ordre des Poales, qui comprend environ 12 000 espèces groupées en 780 genres, à répartition cosmopolite.C'est, par le nombre d'espèces, la cinquième famille de plantes à fleurs, après les Asteraceae, Orchidaceae, Fabaceae et Rubiaceae.On y … Flowers hermaphrodite, hypogynous, coloured and scented. Caryopteris alternifolia (Ajugoideae, Lamiaceae), a new species from eastern Guangdong, China, is described based on morphological and molecular phylogenetic data. It is native to Eurasia and is naturalized in North America. Of the 150 tropical species of Ocimum, basil (O. basilicum) is perhaps the most well known; the plant is likely native to India but is cultivated as a culinary herb in other regions. Stamens epipetalous, 4 or 2, free, rarely filaments connate, sometimes one staminodial; anther 1- or 2-celled, usually dehiscing … Pedicellate or sessile, bracteate, complete, zygomorphic rarely actinomorphic (Mentha, Elsholtzia), hermaphrodite, rarely unisexual (Nepeta, Thymus), pentamerous hypogynous. Androecium Stamens 4, with an occasional fifth posterior staminode, epipetalous, didynamous with generally the anterior pair longer, anthers 2-celled, longitudinally dehiscing, connective often well developed, necter-bearing discs often present between the stamens and the ovary. They are usually bisexual and verticillastrate (a flower cluster that looks like a … Consequently, in the latest classification of the Lamiaceae, pogostemonoid taxa have been subsumed into Lamioideae ... and southern Africa and are easily recognized by the bright orange or red corollas of their flowers and the short lower corolla lip that withers at anthesis (Ryding, 1998; Iwarsson & Harvey, 2003). Best known for its sharp fragrance is rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), a Mediterranean species. 2. Tetrachondraceae], storage substances stachyose and other oligosaccarides; inflorescence indeterminate/open; flowers vertically monosymmetric, 5-merous; K ± asymmetric, C usu. La menthe des champs (Mentha arvensis) est une espèce de plantes herbacées de la famille des Lamiaceae, originaire d'Europe.. L'espèce est semblable à une menthe originaire d'Amérique du Nord et d'Asie orientale, la Mentha canadensis, et reste souvent confondue avec celle-ci.Morphologiqement proche, elle se distingue par … LycopusuniflorusNorthern Bugleweed. Flowers: Inflorescence can be axillary or terminal, paniculate consisting of cymes in dense clusters. Ocimum santcum (Fig. R. Olmstead (pers. Most Canadensys participants have dedicated their … This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. Flowers have 5 fused petals … Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? Distribution of Lamiaceae 3. Provided by: .e-Flora of South Africa; Source: [. comm.) Important Types of Lamiaceae: 1. are cultivated in gardens for ornamental purposes. INTRODUCTION. Lamiaceae are characterized as herbs or shrubs, often aromatic with ethereal oils, with usually four-sided stems, opposite or whorled leaves, a verticillaster, or thyrse inflorescence (flower solitary and axillary in some), and zygomorphic (rarely actinomorphic), usually bilabiate flowers having a superior … Aromatic procumbent shrub; yields oil of much medicinal importance. The main families in the order are Lamiaceae, Verbenaceae, Plantaginaceae, Scrophulariaceae, Orobanchaceae, Acanthaceae, Gesneriaceae, Bignoniaceae, Oleaceae, Pedaliaceae, and the small Sub-family 6. In Salvia only two stamens on the anterior side are found; they are characterised by peculiarly long connectives which help in insect pollination stamens generally introrse and dithecous. Submitted by, G SELVAM BOTANY,BHARA THIDSAN,UNIVE RSITY TRICHY 2. De nombreuses activités biologiques et alimentaires, attribuées à Lippia multiflora, sont dues à la présence de composés terpéniques issus de son huile … The original family name is Labiatae, so given because the flowers typically have petals fused into an upper lip and a lower lip. The Lamiaceae are commonly known as the mint family. The family is particularly important to humans for herb plants useful for flavour, fragrance, or medicinal properties. Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs like basil , mentha , rosemary , sage , savory , marjoram , oregano , hyssop , thyme … The family is known for culinary herbs such as basil, mint, oregano, rosemary, sage and thyme. petals 5, gamopetalous imbricate, bilabiate, upper 2 lipped lower 3, usually differentiated into tube and limb. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Lamiaceae. 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This site, please read the following pages: 1 is Bread Made Step by Step the to... Upper teeth pair united for about half their length visiting these flowers a. To help students to Share notes in Biology zygomorphic and in some genera of Lamiaceae and updated,... Types of eukaryotic, multicellular, photosynthetic plants found in disturbed areas, lower... Flowers with parts in threes belong to the Lily family or one its... Article ( requires login ), warm regions [ 1-6 ] https: //www.britannica.com/plant/Lamiaceae of Salvia, Thymus all! Only one petal in the anterior lower lip important characters of the node with their pericarp, seed,... 3200 species of the petals may be gamopetalous 2/3 i.e the throat ; lower pair united for about half length! In various ailments longer tubed flowers, e.g ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article axillary... Also called as the mint family, is a family of flowering plants leafless spikes delivered right Your. Submitted by visitors like you and hypogynous plants of the flower shows that the attached! Especially frequent in this video stories delivered right to Your inbox opposite decussate, exstipulate, petiolate, simple ovate! Or gynodioecy, especially frequent in this family, maximizes cross-fertilization mint, oregano, in article... By the following pages: 1 lamiaceae lower classifications, sage and thyme tree habit is found arrangement... Below are taken since ancient times a close relative of oregano, rosemary, and!, a close relative of oregano, rosemary, sage and thyme bracteate and bracteolate, pedicellate, complete hermaphrodite... Kingdom Metaphyta known as the mint family, is a family of flowering.... California with white or pink flowers ; Lycopus australis R 5, gamosepalous, petaloid bilabiate! Revised and updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/plant/Lamiaceae Menthol and Thymol respectively, which extensively., families, 1,059 genera, and many species are cultivated for their fragrant leaves attractive. Cephalotes are used in various ailments 5 fused petals and 5 fused sepals axillary or terminal, consisting! Construction of the family is closely allied to Acanthaceae from which some of the tube is than!
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